Periodontitis is one of the most dangerous gum diseases. According to the dentists, Periodontitis is a severe gum infection. It is mainly caused due to the accumulation of bacteria for a prolonged time interval. As the infection progresses, it starts affecting the teeth and gums. However, if it is diagnosed early, and a proper oral hygiene is maintained, then it can be completely treated.
At Salt Lake Dental, our dentists say that Periodontitis commences with the inflammation of the gums, known as gingivitis. One of the first symptoms of gingivitis is that the gums slowly starts to bleed. This is known as plaque. Plaque is primarily a build-up of bacteria and debris on the surface of the teeth. Though a serious condition, it can be completely treated. In this blog, you will get to know the steps that dentists follow during Periodontal therapy.
- Scaling And Root Planning
This is the first step that dentists follow. They remove the upper level of the infection from the pockets and around the teeth using specialized instruments. In simple words, the dentist removes the plaque and tartar off your teeth and root surfaces by scaling. Then, they smooth the rough surfaces on the surface of the teeth for preventing further bacteria growth. The procedure is completed under local anesthesia and is entirely different from the routine dental cleaning.
- Pocket Reduction Procedure
If the gum tissue doesn’t fit tightly around the teeth and the pocket area is not clean, the dentists opt for the pocket reduction procedure. The pocket reduction procedure, also known as, pocket reduction flap surgery is the process of folding back the gum tissue and removing the infectious bacteria. It also involves smoothing the affected areas of the damaged bone for allowing the gum tissue to reattach to the healthy bone.
- Gum Grafting
Exposed roots due to the recession of the gums can be covered with the help of gum grafts. The gum tissues are taken from the palate or from another source and are used to cover the roots of one or more than one teeth. Dentists say that covering the exposed roots helps reduce the sensitivity and protects the teeth from the attack of disease-causing bacteria. Also, it prevents further gum recession and bone loss.
- Regenerative Procedures
Bone grafting is a surgical procedure. It promotes the growth of bone where it has been destroyed by the attack of bacteria and infection. In this type of treatment, the dentists eliminate the bacteria and then places either a natural or a plastic bone in the area of the bone loss. Additionally, they stimulate proteins to help the body regrow the bone and the tissue.
Periodontitis is a severe gum disease. You should not waste time visiting a dentist if you ever think your gum has been infected by disease-causing bacteria or infection. If you are a resident of Salt Lake City, UT, you can definitely visit us for any kind of periodontal therapy. Our expert dentists will take care of your oral health with the utmost dedication.